How is Speech Development? When does the child speak?
The development of speech is in fact the first time we were born, with the first cry to the world. In fact, the first exercise of the conversation so that began. Even when babies cry or weep, they do some exercises necessary for speaking. Short and deep breathing, more elongated breaths. They form the basis of speech.
Speech development and basics
During crying, repetition of the lips, jaw and tongue movements required to remove the sounds is seen. Thus, they develop the ability to regulate sound and breathing. The verbal language, which is a symbolic tool that we use as a means of expressing thoughts, is defined as the process of converting the air coming from the lung into sounds formed as a result of shaping into the throat, mouth and nose, and transforming it into a form that can be taken by the ears of the human (s) in front of us. It is more common for babies with loud stimulants to be heard in a wide variety of voices and to make various sounds. There is no single organ for speech. Speech developmentit is a communication process formed by the co-ordination of many organs together and becomes automatic over time. It is a skill that man learns and gains later. This learning is usually through imitation. For this reason, children usually learn to speak from their relatives and especially from their mothers.
The stages of speech development are:
0-2 months: Babies react to the sound in the first months and make sounds in the form of a lawn. They react to music and conversations. They repeat some syllables on their own.
3-5. months: They make longer and continuous sounds. They respond by making voices when spoken to. When they are crying, they are relaxed and they communicate in the form of a network.
6-9 months: They are very good at toning. They can draw prominent syllables, sort them in a gın ba-ba-ba abilir or aya da-da-da-da da, respond to cheerful or angry tones. They continue to perform vocalization activities on their own.
9-12 months: These babies can repeat the sounds they have heard. If the 12th month is correct, they can sing the repeating syllables such as eri father 12..
From the 12th month onwards , they use one or more words in the correct sense, try to imitate the sounds they hear, they can understand when they are asked. Learning takes place quickly, they try to repeat the words taught to themselves.
They know the names of their acquaintances, and when asked, they can point or point towards it. They can try to express their feelings with their own expressions. They perform simple commands. “Take the ball. Bring it to me. Show your eyes. Göz The word treasures are formed between 5-20.
From the age of two, they use a few words. The vocabulary begins to increase, but yet the fluency is weak. They can say his name, talk to adults he knows. The child, who has made great advances in language for 2 years, has an average of 200 words at this age.
From the age of 3 , the speech is well developed, the vocabulary is increased (reaches 1000). They can easily say their name, age, memorized songs and chat with adults. They ask questions about everything they are curious about and they can make meaningful conversations.
4-year-old child , began to learn various concepts, such as (number-color-shape), easy to name, why start with many questions to ask.
From 5 years of age, he can make long sentences, repeat long sentences and succeed in using the grammar correctly. Can participate in long conversations, adds new concepts, knows the concepts of time and can use in conversation. (Today, tomorrow, evening)
In terms of speech development, when the child is stuck in one of these periods during infancy, or when he / she returns to one of these stages, a delayed speech disorder is observed.
In the delayed speech, there may be features such as no speech or vocabulary consisting of a few words, difficulty in expressing, not forming meaningful sentences. Delayed speech is often associated with mental and hearing impairments, serious health problems and severe domestic conflicts.
Some of the speech development disorders; some deficiencies of speech organs. (Lip cleft palate, dental problems, long sublingual ligament, jaw muscles, nervous system damage, vision and hearing loss, mental deficiency ak). Sometimes in speech disorders, the speech organs are in normal development, but they cannot do their duties properly.
Factors affecting and delaying the child’s language development:
- The nature of the language spoken at home is defective
- Using foreign languages
- Lack of model
- Wrong learning and habits
- Compliance problems
- Economic and migration problems
- Other emotional problems
- Love and compassion needs are not met, not saturated
- Accident or similar shocks
- Restless environments where language is used as a means of constant discussion
- The environment and attitudes in which the needs are fulfilled without giving the child the opportunity to express himself
- Growth in an insufficient environment in terms of verbal stimulus
Examples of arrangements to support speech development and language development in children:
- He can begin by repeating the sounds he says when he starts to make the first syllable and sounds.
- I often talk to him.
- Keeping sentences short and simple
- Age appropriate songs, rhymes to say,
- Various finger games (used quite often in kindergartens)
- To tell or tell them stories appropriate to their age ,
- Looking at pictures of books and asking questions or telling pictures
However , all these activities alone are not sufficient for speech and language development . It is also very important that adults have enough information about how to communicate with children. The verbal response of adults to the child’s speech is important for the child. As children respond to their conversations, they increase their confidence and encourage more. Correct listening and using the right communication methods will provide a surplus value for child development , especially for children between the ages of 1.5 and 3 who support their development in all aspects, not just the direction of speech development .